Every year, 2M pregnant women contract sexually transmitted diseases. It is so sad for pregnant women because they are more vulnerable to STDs as compared to women who are not expectant. When a pregnant woman contracts STDs, the foetus is affected the most. This is why STDs is more serous in pregnant ladies and not in ladies who are not expecting.
It is more dangerous to contract STD during childbirth or pregnancy as compared to contracting it during any other time. It is good for women to know the consequences of STDs even before they get pregnant. Pregnant women can undergo serious complications such as chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, cervical cancer and other types of cancers when they contract STD during pregnancy.
It is so unfortunate that STDs have no visible symptoms and they only appear only after the woman is pregnant. Uterine membranes of women suffering from STDs sometimes rapture during labour and this can lead to uterine infections. A woman can transmit STDs to her unborn child before, after or during delivery.
Just like syphilis, the disease causing pathogens can pass to the baby through the placenta even before the baby is born. Such infections affect the development of the baby. Chlamydia, genital herpes, gonorrhoea, and hepatitis B are some of the STDs that a baby can contract during birth. As for HIV, the baby can contract the disease during pregnancy, at birth or during breastfeeding.
STDs have serious effects to the baby such as chronic liver disease, blindness, cirrhosis, meningitis, deafness, acute hepatitis, and other congenital abnormalities. It can also lead to motor function disorder and neurologic damage like brain damage. Other effects include low birth weight, still birth, eye infection, pneumonia, and neonatal sepsis amongst others.
If a child contracts STD at birth, the symptoms may remain hidden for some time and so it may take time to detect them. If a pregnant lady is suffering from bacteria related STD such as Chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhoea and bacterial vaginosis, they can be treated during pregnancy. Unfortunately, there is no cure for viral STDs such as HIV and genital herpes. A pregnant woman can take medicine to protect her baby from transmitting the disease and the health providers can advise her on ways to ensure that she does not infect the baby such as no breastfeeding. If during the time of delivery a woman has active genital herpes lesions, the health provider carry out a caesarean section.
All pregnant women suffering from any STD should visit a healthcare provider often time. The doctor from any STD clinic Ireland will advise you on precautionary measure that you can take to protect your unborn child from infecting STDs.